Handbook for citizens: Rights and obligations during a state of emergency

The government has declared a state of emergency in the Czech Republic due to the threat to health related to the proven occurrence of the coronavirus (identified as SARS CoV-2), which has been added to the list of infectious diseases and the deliberate spreading of which shall now be a criminal offence. We present an overview of how to behave and what is permitted within the state of emergency pursuant to the extraordinary measures in effect.

Movement and presence during a state of emergency

The restriction of free movement around the entire Czech Republic applies to all persons.

What can I do?

  • Travel to work or travel for business only within the Czech Republic (for exceptions see Chapter 2 Travel abroad).
  • Go out to shop for essential items such as groceries, medicine, medical devices, etc., for yourself, your pets, relatives or close persons.
  • Travel as a part of volunteering, neighborly assistance or other arrangement of errands and services.
  • Travel to healthcare or social facilities, and accompany relatives and close persons to these facilities.
  • It is possible to travel around the Czech Republic for the purpose of arranging urgent official matters, or to accompany relatives or close persons for this purpose.
  • It is possible to move about nature and parks – but it is necessary to realize that moving about public spaces is limited only to the necessary period of time – moreover, no more than two people can move about outside together in this manner, except for families.
  • I can attend funerals.
  • If I am a motor vehicle driver and I am in the vehicle alone, I do not need to wear protective respiratory equipment.
  • I can engage in sport at outdoor sports grounds, in parks, in nature and other publicly accessible areas, provided the following conditions are met:
    • protection of the respiratory passages (nose, mouth) to prevent the spreading of droplets is required, except for outdoor sports grounds where the persons participating in the sport, or groups of persons doing sport together, are separated from other persons by a physical obstacle (e.g. wall or fence) or by a distance of at least 2 metres,
    • at most two persons can do sports together, with the exception of household members; otherwise a distance of at least 2 metres must be maintained from other persons while doing sports collectively,
    • no related indoor sports facilities are used, in particular shared changing rooms, washrooms, showers and similar amenities, at which the aforementioned conditions are not met, including travel for the purpose of such sports.

What must I do?

  • I must try to limit my movement in public to a minimum.
  • I must limit contact with others to only essential contact.
  • Limit my movement in public spaces to a maximum of two persons together, except for family members, the performance of my occupation, business or similar activity, and attendance at funerals.
  • I must maintain a distance of at least two meters when coming into contact with other persons, if possible.
  • Whenever I move about and stay in public spaces outside of my home, I must wear protective respiratory equipment – meaning covering my nose and mouth – I can use a respirator, mask, scarf or other device that prevents the spread of infection through droplets. There is an exception for children under the age of 2.