Tips and Recommendations for Home Quarantine
You are quarantined at home. Your condition does not require hospitalisation. It is important that you abide by the following instructions.
1. Stay at home
You or the person for whom you are caring for should stay home, with the exception of medical care (see paragraphs 3 and 8 – what to do before you seek medical care). Do not go to work, school, or public places, and do not use public transit or taxis, until you are told that it is safe.
If you need food, other goods, or medications bought, you must ask another person to help you. You can also order your purchases by telephone or e-mail (online). The delivery instructions must state that the delivery is to be left outside or on a veranda or in another suitable place.
2. Isolate yourself from others in your household
You should stay in a well-ventilated room with a window that can be open. If possible, you should be separated from other persons in the household. Close the door.
If possible, use a separate bathroom. If you share a bathroom with others, regular cleaning is required. If you do not have a separate bathroom, the person in domestic isolation should use it last and then this person should clean the bathroom thoroughly. The person in domestic isolation must use his own towels, which no other members of the household use, both for drying after a bath or shower and after washing hands.
If you are living at a dormitory or another place where you share a kitchen, bathroom, and other premises, you should remain in your room with the door closed, only walk out when absolutely necessary, and wear a facial mask when you do.
If you are sharing a kitchen with others (at a dormitory, etc.), if possible, do not enter such premises while others are present. If entering them is inevitable, wear a face mask. Eat your food in your room. Wash your dishes by hand in hot water with soap and dry with your own dish towel.
3. Before you see your doctor, call first
All visits to a doctor should be consulted in advance over the telephone. This is because contact with others must be minimised in healthcare institutions.
If your state of health deteriorates (in particular, if a fever, cough, or shortness of breath appear), contact your doctor by telephone. He will take care of organising the provision of medical care to you in cooperation with the regional public hygiene station; of call the 112 line.
If you need advice in connection with the coronavirus, the 24/7 lines of the National Institute of Public Health at 724 810 106 or 725 191 367 or 725 191 370. Also information lines of regional public hygiene stations are available.
4. Wear a face mask if it has been recommended to you
If you have been given a face mask, you should wear it if you are present in a room with other people or when seeing a healthcare provider. If you cannot wear a face mask, masks should be worn by the people living with you when in the same room as you.
5. Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing
When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a disposable tissue. People caring for others who are waiting for the outcome of a COVID-19 infection test should also use disposable tissues when coughing or sneezing.
Dispose of the tissues in a plastic refuse bag (see paragraph 10 – handling of refuse) and immediately after using them wash your hands with soap and water (for at least 20 seconds), rinse them, and dry thoroughly. A caregiver should help the person cared for adhere to this rule.
6. Wash your hands
Wash your hands and help the person for whom you are caring wash their hands. This should be done frequently and thoroughly, with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, then rinse your hands and dry them thoroughly. The same applies to persons caring for anyone who is being tested for SARS-CoV-2. Do not touch your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
7. Avoid sharing household items
Items (glasses, cups, kitchen instruments, towels, bedding, or any other items) that you or the person for whom you are caring has used should not be shared with other persons in your household. After using such items, wash them thoroughly with soap and water; a dishwasher can be used for washing dishes and utensils.
Clothing, bedding, and towels should be placed in a plastic bag and only washed after the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) test comes out negative. If that is not possible and you need to do laundry, read the instructions for handling laundry, below.
8. Do not invite guests to your home
If you think it is absolutely necessary for someone to see you, discuss it with your doctor first. If you need to talk to someone who is not a member of your household, do it by telephone.
Try to keep away from your pets. If touching them is inevitable, wash your hands before and after contact with them.
10. Doing laundry
If you need to do laundry at home before you have your test results, wash it using a detergent and the highest temperature suitable for the given fabric. Temperatures in excess of 60°C are appropriate. If possible, dry and iron your laundry at the highest temperature possible for the given fabric.
When handling soiled materials, use disposable gloves and a plastic apron and clean all surfaces around the washing machine.
Do not take the laundry to a public laundry.
After handling soiled laundry, wash your hands with soap and water carefully.
All refuse (including masks and tissues) from a person in isolation should be deposited in a plastic refuse bag and, once full, it must be tightly sealed. The plastic bag should then be placed in another bag, tied, and only then disposed of in the waste bin.
12. Monitor symptoms of the disease in yourself or in the person for whom you are caring,
If your state of health or that of a person for whom you are caring is deteriorating, e.g., you have breathing difficulties, seek medical help. If the situation is not an emergency, telephone your GP or a hospital.
In the case of an emergency, if you need an ambulance, inform the person calling or the operator that you are being examined for SARS-CoV-2 (or that you are caring for someone who is being tested for SARS-CoV-2).