Detections of positively diagnosed patients with COVID-19 are rising across the Czech Republic, 58 districts are now in the orange alert level
The Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic has evaluated the current epidemiological situation in connection to COVID-19. A total of 18 districts have been classified as green in the first alert level, which indicates the incidence of contagion without community transmission. At present, a total of 58 districts (30 more since the last map update) have been classified as orange in the second alert level, meaning incipient community transmission. Prague remains at the third red alert level, indicating consistently growing community transmission.
The following districts had already been previously placed at orange alert: Beroun, Kladno, Kolín, Uherské Hradiště, Prague-East, Prague-West, Mělník, Nymburk, Příbram, Cheb, Plzeň-City, Ústí nad Labem, Ostrava-City, Děčín, Litoměřice, Teplice, Brno-City, Zlín, Chrudim, Pardubice, Havlíčkův Brod, Brno-Countryside, Benešov, Mladá Boleslav, Svitavy, Hodonín, Kroměříž and Plzeň-South. The following districts were added: Ústí nad Orlicí, Klatovy, České Budějovice, Prachatice, Tábor, Domažlice, Plzeň-sever, Karlovy Vary, Jablonec nad Nisou, Liberec, Jičín, Náchod, Třebíč, Žďár nad Sázavou, Blansko, Znojmo, Olomouc, Prostějov, Šumperk, Bruntál, Nový Jičín, Opava, Břeclav, Vyškov, Jeseník, Frýdek-Místek, Karviná, Český Krumlov, Strakonice and Tachov. The following districts are now at green alert, indicating the occurrence of infection without community transmission: Most, Kutná Hora, Rokycany, Louny, Semily, Hradec Králové, Jihlava, Rakovník, Jindřichův Hradec, Písek, Chomutov, Česká Lípa, Rychnov nad Kněžnou, Trutnov, Pelhřimov, Přerov, Vsetín and Sokolov.
“The daily detection of positively-diagnosed patients with COVID-19 is high across the country and is increasing over time. Yesterday, an increase of 2,913 cases of the COVID-19 disease were confirmed. A total of 58,374 cases have been confirmed in the Czech Republic, of which 30,425 are active. More than 20,000 tests are now being conducted daily, with 21,552 tests registered on 23 September. “New detections still concern the vast majority of districts in the Czech Republic, although the dynamic of the spreading and detection capacity varies greatly. The country is now mostly orange. This should be a warning and lead to responsible behaviour in the coming days. Therefore, I would like to ask all our fellow citizens to take advantage of the rainy long weekend to stay at home. Read a book, watch a movie and spend time with their families. And install the eRouška application. This will help curb the spread of the virus,” said Minister for Health Roman Prymula.
Increments in other regions are lower than in Prague. Prague is followed with fairly high figures by the Central Bohemian Region (498 cases; 17.2% of the nation’s total) and South Bohemian Region (369 cases; 12.7% of the nation’s total), higher values were also reported by the Moravian-Silesian Region (206 cases; 7.1%).
“The high daily increases in the number of patients bear the risk of pressure on the hospital system in the next two weeks. Although I can confirm that the development is not following any of the high-risk scenarios, a weekly increase of 133 cases per 100,000 inhabitants is risky, especially according to internationally-defined standards. Despite the relatively low percentage of infected seniors over 75 years of age, which is less than 5%, there is a high number of patients who risk a severe course of the disease,” said Chief Hygienist of the Czech Republic Jarmila Rážová with respect to the current situation.
In Prague, the disease is spreading through the normal population and in everyday life, i.e. community transmission, where crucial clusters cannot be duly detected given the high daily increments. This increases the risk of contagion during everyday life and the risk of uncontrolled growth of the numbers of infected. “A specific aspect of the spread of the disease in Prague is the rising number of infections among seniors and vulnerable population groups in general. We have registered an increase of about 40 cases per day, with 271 cases in total in the past 7 days. Hence, the number of people with a high risk of the severe course of the disease and subsequent hospitalisation is increasing,” explained Chief Hygienist of the Czech Republic Jarmila Rážová.
According to Rážová, the specific position of Prague as the capital city and employer of citizens from many adjacent regions increases the risk of the uncontrolled spread of the disease to other regions of the Czech Republic. The Chief Hygienist also warns and appeals to citizens: “We have seen rapid development in the spread of the disease, especially in the Central Bohemian Region, which is why all the recommended epidemic measures should be observed with particular attention, without exceptions. The fact that we continuously appeal to the responsible behaviour of citizens is entirely justified, because a population of more than 2.5 million persons could be affected if the development is left uncontrolled.”
The high number of diagnoses corresponds to the large numbers of tests performed and naturally reflects the spread of the disease in the population. The increase in the number of people testing positive relates to the majority of districts in the Czech Republic. This is no longer a limited number of clearly defined clusters or outbreaks of infection. The overall reproduction number calculated for the whole of the Czech population remains at 1.6.
“A total of 740 patients are currently hospitalised. This amounts to 2.4% of the total number of positive patients. There are 136 people reported in intensive care units, 96 connected to artificial lung ventilation and 2 to an ECMO machine. The share of persons in serious condition among those hospitalised is 20%. As at midnight, there have been 3 confirmed deaths from hospitals, the average age of the deceased in the past two days is 79 years. A total of 92 new patients have been received, their average age is 64 years. Most are suffering light symptoms of the disease, 13 are in serious condition or have other associated complications. Most hospitalisations have been registered in the capital city,” said Vladimír Černý, Chairman of the Czech Society of Anesthesiology, Resuscitation and Intensive Medicine and head of the COVID Clinical Group. He also stated that the total available capacity is 965 beds with artificial lung ventilation, i.e. 52% of the total, 62 ECMO machines, i.e. 85% of the total, the available capacity of COVID+ beds in the ICU is 198 (+ the available capacity for COVID- patients 665 beds). Standard beds with oxygen currently have an available capacity of 870 beds for COVID+ patients (+ available capacity for COVID- patients 5,389 beds).
The obligatory wearing of face masks in all indoor premises and on public transport was already introduced throughout the whole of the Czech Republic due to the epidemiological situation. The sale of tickets to events with standing room only is also prohibited and catering establishments must remain closed between the hours of midnight and 6:00 a.m. The Ministry of Health has imposed further measures in relation to the worsening epidemiological situation in the Czech Republic. The opening hours of catering establishments have been restricted from 10:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. and the holding of mass events has been regulated. More details here.
Alert levels and measures arising from the current epidemiological situation in the Czech Republic will be updated on the Czech MoH coronavirus website.